Dating techniques in archaeology pdf
However, historical archaeology has tended to de-emphasize archaeometric analyses because of the availability of a documentary record.
Absolute dating methods that rely on specialized laboratory analyses such as dendrochronology, radiocarbon, and luminescence measurements are available to historical archaeologists.
Dating methods in historical archaeology differ little from the methods of archaeology in general.
Historians, for example, know that Shakespeare's play Henry V was not written before 1587 because Shakespeare's primary source for writing his play was the second edition of Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles, not published until 1587.Basing on this principle, the cultural assemblages found in different layers can be assigned a chronological personality. In practice it is found that the mounds are disturbed9 by all sorts of pits and dumps.For example, if the cultural contents of the lower deposit are Mauryan in character, appropriately this deposit may be assigned a date between 400-200 B. Similarly, if the cultural equipment of the upper deposit are of the Sunga period, this deposit has to placed between 200-73 B. Quite often, the archaeologist decided the change of stratum on the basis of the feed of the deposit.In such cases subjective element cannot be ruled out.But, for a single culture site the method is quite reliable.