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"For example there's one whole category called the 'crime involving moral turpitude.' Now, of course, nobody at the state level is ever convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude so the challenge is trying to fit whether the state offense fits into this broad category." Allon Kedem, assistant to the U. Solicitor General, argued that Esquivel-Quintana was unworthy of remaining in this country because his crime was so great.

"When there's a meaningful age difference, such that the perpetrator and victim are not in the same age group, as a result of that, the victim may not be able to advocate for themselves." Somehow the girl is a "victim" in seven states, and a perfectly capable young woman in the rest. As Jeffrey Fisher, Esquivel-Quintana's lawyer, argued, "You have an extraordinary case here, where the government is trying to deport somebody for committing something that isn't even a crime under federal [law] and the vast majority of states." How about we don't label sex as "abuse" in the first place, when there is zero evidence of force, trickery, or coercion?

While the general age of consent is now set between 16 and 18 in all U. states, the age of consent has widely varied across the country in the past.

In 1880, the age of consent was set at 10 or 12 in most states, with the exception of Delaware where it was 7.

By 1920 ages of consent generally rose to 16-18 and small adjustments to these laws occurred after 1920. From 2005 onwards states have started to enact Jessica's Law statutes, which provide for lengthy penalties (often a mandatory minimum sentence of 25 years in prison and lifetime electronic monitoring) for the most aggravated forms of child sexual abuse (usually of a child under age 12). Louisiana, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the death penalty for rape of a child was unconstitutional.

As of 2015 the final state to raise its age of general consent was Hawaii, which changed it from 14 to 16 in 2001. forbids the use of the United States Postal Service or other interstate or foreign means of communication, such as telephone calls or use of the internet, to persuade or entice a minor (defined as under 18 throughout the chapter) to be involved in a criminal sexual act.

The Court is expected to rule on the case sometime before June.

When Juan Esquivel-Quintana was 20-years-old, he had a girlfriend who was 16. Because this was in California, and because California has one of the highest ages of consent in America—18—and because he was more than three years older than his girlfriend, this was a crime.

Esquivel-Quintana pleaded no contest and went to jail for 90 days, in 2009. The facts are these: Esquivel-Quintana came to America from Mexico with his family at age 12. And the relationship he had is not even illegal in 43 other states—including Michigan.

Regardless of the designation, these crimes are based on the premise that until a person reaches a certain age, he is legally incapable of consenting to sexual intercourse.

Thus, instead of including force as a criminal element, theses crimes make it illegal for anyone to engage in sexual intercourse with anyone below a certain age, other than his spouse.

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